Forest and Wildlife Department,

Government of Uttar Pradesh, India

Eco System

Besides the tangible benefits, which can be quantified easily, the Forest and Wildlife Department also provides a number of ECOSYSTEM SERVICES. The ecosystem services that forests provide make life on this planet possible and can be defined as :

“The conditions and processes through which natural ecosystems, and the species that make them up, sustain and fulfill human life.”


The major ecosystem services that U.P. Forest and Wildlife Department provides through its forests, may be enlisted as follows-

Major Ecosystem Services provided by Forests
S.No. Services Infrastructure and Processes Goods and Services
Provisioning Services provision of natural resources.
1 Food Conversion of solar energy into edible plants and animals. Hunting gathering of fish, fruits etc, small scale subsistence farming & aqua culture.
2 Raw materials Conversion of solar energy into biomass for human construction and other uses. Building and manufacturing fuel and energy, fodder and fertilizer.
3 Genetic resources Genetic material and evolution in wild plants and animals. Improve crop resistance to pathogens & pests.
4 Medicinal resources Variety of (bio) chemical substances in, and other medicinal uses of, natural biota. Drugs, pharmaceuticals, chemical models, tools, test and essay organisms.
5 Oramental resources Variety of biota in natural ecosystem with (potential) ornamental use. Resources for fashion, handicraft, jewelry, pets, worship, decoration & souvenirs.