Thus a working plan is essentially a plan detailing the existing forest wealth (land,
flora, fauna & water resources) describing the climatic and biotic factors and
prescribing management practices & conserve, preserve and efficiently utilize
this forest resource. As such these plans are very useful and important for every
individual and agency having any interest in or bearing on the forests.
Needs of an increasing population have put massive demands on forest for land as
well as for forest produce. To counter these demands Govt. of India & State
Govt. has tried to extend forest cover on areas outside the traditional forest area,
mainly on community lands and agricultural lands. This endeavour has led and various
social forestry schemes being formulated and implemented.
Working plans by incorporating prescription & techniques for these activities
have tried and keep pace with times and reflect the aspirations of an environment
conscious society & state.
The Hon'ble supreme court of India vides a judgement dated 12-12-96 in writ petition
no. 202/95 have laid down well-defined guidelines regarding working plans. This
judgement makes it mandatory for all forest areas (irrespective of ownership and
legal status) To be managed according to a scientific working plan. This judgement
also makes it mandatory for the working plans to be approved by the Govt. of India.
This is in accordance with the fact that forests are a concurrent subject.